Edit your profile

Vaillancourt, Francois

Professor Emeritus


Research expertise

François Vaillancourt has been a professor in the Department of Economics at the Université de Montréal since 1976. He earned a BSc in 1972 and his PhD from Queen's University in 1978.

He is an expert on public policy issues, and has served as Research Co-ordinator for the MacDonald Commission (1983-1986), Assistant Director of Canadian Public Policy-Analyse de Politiques magazine (1986-1995), Guest Researcher at the University of Toronto and the Australian National University and Affiliated Researcher with the IRPP (1992-2000) and the CD Howe Institute (2000-2003).

Professor Vaillancourt is a member of the Chaire d'études politiques et économiques américaines at the Université de Montréal. He has consulted for various international organizations (World Bank, OECD, UNDP) and national organizations (Conseil and Office de la langue française du Québec, Statistics Canada, Finance Canada, Séguin Commission).

His fields of research are language policies and intergovernmental financial relations in Canada and around the world (New Zealand and Europe; twelve countries from Bhutan to Tunisia, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Morocco and Pakistan).

In public economics, he is interested in federalism (distribution of powers, funding mechanisms) and taxation (costs of collection, harmonization, local taxation, state-owned corporations). In language economics, he deals with income gaps and the impact of language policies, while in human resources, he is interested in social policies from a federal point of view and in the return on investment of education.

Areas of expertise


The Economics of the Multilingual Workplace, sous la direction de F. Grin, C. Sfreddo et F. Vaillancourt, New York : Routledge, 2010, 228 pages.

• « The Costs and Benefits of Constitutional Options for Québec and Canada », dans The Political Economy of Inter-Regional Fiscal Flows, sous la direction de N. Bosch, M. Espana et A. Solé Ollé, Northampton : Edward Elgar, 2010, 371-388.

• « Human Capital Externalities and Regional Development : Evidence for Canada-2000 », dans Public Policy for Regional Development, sous la direction de J. Martinez-Vazquez et F. Vaillancourt, New York : Routledge, 2008, 107-134 (avec V. Rakova).

• « Compliance and Administrative Costs of Taxation in Canada », dans The Impact and Cost of Taxation in Canada, sous la direction de J. Clemens, Fraser Institute, Vancouver, 2008, 55-102 (avec J. Clemens).

• « Le fédéralisme américain : évolution historique, institutions politiques et flux financiers », dans Le système politique américain, sous la direction de M. Fortman et P. Martin, Montréal : PUM, 2008, 57-100 (avec L. Massicotte).